Available at: [Cambridge] [Amazon] [Kindle] [eBooks.com]

Now also available in paperback: [Cambridge (20% discount with code KLEINBERG2018)]

Causality is a key part of many fields and facets of life, from finding the relationship between diet and disease to discovering the reason for a particular stock market crash. Despite centuries of work in philosophy and decades of computational research, automated inference and explanation remains an open problem. In particular, the timing and complexity of relationships has been largely ignored even though this information is critically important for prediction, explanation, and intervention. However, given the growing availability of large observational datasets including those from electronic health records and social networks, it is a practical necessity. This book presents a new approach to inference (finding relationships from a set of data) and explanation (assessing why a particular event occurred), addressing both the timing and complexity of relationships. The practical use of the method developed is illustrated through theoretical and experimental case studies, demonstrating its feasibility and success.

### Datasets

The simulated financial time series data used in chapter 7 are available for use in research.

### Teaching

The slides and syllabus from my causal inference course have been posted. If you'd like the original powerpoint files to use these slides in your (academic, noncommercial) presentations or teaching, email me at samantha.kleinberg@stevens.edu and I'd be happy to send them to you.

### Errata

Page 28: In the equation for Ki, c_3 should be x_3

Page 77: Both references to definition 2.3.2 (in the theorem and text above) should be to definition 2.3.1

Page 225: Theorem B.2.1 should refer to definition 2.3.1 (not 2.3.2 as shown)

Please let me know if you find errors!